Step by step guide on how to file a patent in Nigeria.


7/14/20232 min read

To file a patent online in Nigeria, you can follow these steps:

1. Determine patentability: Before filing a patent application, make sure your invention is eligible for patent protection. Conduct a thorough search to ensure your invention is novel and not already patented or publicly disclosed.

2. Prepare your patent application: Draft a detailed and accurate description of your invention, including drawings if necessary. Clearly define the technical features and the problem your invention solves. Additionally, include any claims that define the scope of protection you are seeking.

3. Create an account: Visit the website of the Nigerian Intellectual Property Office (NIPO) and create an account if you don't have one. This account will allow you to access the online patent filing system.

4. Complete the online application: Log in to your NIPO account and navigate to the online patent filing system. Fill in the required information, including the title of the invention, your name, address, and contact details. Upload the prepared patent application document and any supporting materials.

5. Pay the filing fees: Calculate the appropriate filing fees based on the type of application and the number of claims. The NIPO website should provide details regarding the fees and payment methods accepted. Make the necessary payment online.

6. Review and submit the application: Review the entered information and uploaded documents to ensure accuracy and completeness. Check for any errors or missing information. Once you are satisfied, submit the application electronically through the online system.

7. Receive acknowledgment receipt: After submitting the application, you should receive an acknowledgment receipt confirming that your application has been successfully filed. This receipt will contain a reference number that you can use for future correspondence.

8. Monitor the application: Stay updated on the progress of your patent application. The NIPO website may have a portal where you can track the status of your application and receive any notifications or requests for additional information.

9. Respond to examination reports: If the patent office raises any objections or issues an examination report, carefully review the report and respond within the specified timeframe. Address any concerns raised and provide clarifications or amendments as required.

10. Grant of patent: If your application meets all the requirements and there are no further objections, the patent office will grant your patent. You will receive a patent certificate, and your invention will be protected under Nigerian patent la

11. It is important to note that the process and requirements for online patent filing may vary, and it is advisable to consult the official website of the Nigerian Intellectual Property Office