Step by step guide on how to obtain gratuity in Nigeria.


6/22/20231 min read

In Nigeria, gratuity is a payment made by an employer to an employee as a form of gratitude for their service upon retirement or resignation. To obtain gratuity in Nigeria, you generally need to follow these steps:

1. Understand the Employment Laws: Familiarize yourself with the labour laws and regulations regarding gratuity in Nigeria. These laws provide guidelines for gratuity payment, eligibility, and other relevant details.

2. Confirm Eligibility: Ensure that you meet the requirements for gratuity. Typically, gratuity is paid to employees who have completed a minimum number of years of service, often ranging from 5 to 10 years depending on the organization’s policy.

3. Notify Your Employer: Inform your employer of your intention to retire or resign in advance, as required by company policies or labour laws. Provide the necessary notice period, which is typically stated in your employment contract.

4. Complete Required Documentation: Obtain and fill out the necessary forms provided by your employer or human resources department. These forms usually include a retirement or resignation letter and an application for gratuity.

5. Submit Documents: Submit the completed forms and any supporting documents required by your employer. This may include your identification documents, employment contract, proof of service, and any other documents requested.

6. Follow Up: Keep track of the progress of your gratuity application by periodically contacting your employer’s human resources department. Inquire about any additional steps you need to take or any updates on the processing of your application.

7. Receive Payment: Once your application is approved and processed, your employer will arrange for the payment of your gratuity. The payment may be made as a lump sum or in instalments, depending on the company’s policy.

It’s important to note that the specific process and requirements for obtaining gratuity may vary depending on your employer, industry, and applicable labour laws. Therefore, it is advisable to consult your employer’s policies or seek legal advice to ensure you follow the correct procedure for obtaining gratuity in your specific situation.